ILE RPG From A to Z

A comprehensive glossary of RPG IV and ILE terms (IBM i Release 7.3):

Color Key:
Required syntax
Optional syntax
Notes:
Dcl-xx indicates the keyword may apply to more than one type of declaration (e.g., Dcl-f, Dcl-s, Dcl-ds, etc.).
Obsolete entries use strikethrough font.

A

%Abs()
Function. Get Absolute Value of Expression.
Usage: %ABS(numeric-expression)
Acq
Operation code. Acquire Device.
Usage: ACQ(e) device-name workstn-file ;
Add
Operation code. Add.
Usage: Obsolete. Use + operator.
Adddur
Operation code. Add Duration.
Usage: Obsolete. Use + operator, date functions.
Actgrp
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Activation group to use.
Usage: ACTGRP(*STGMDL|*NEW|*CALLER|'act-grp-name')
Activation Group
A job substructure in which ILE programs and service programs are activated. Contains the resources necessary to run the program, including: static and global program variables, dynamic storage, temporary data management resources, certain types of exception handlers and ending procedures.
%Addr()
Function. Get Storage Address of Variable.
Usage: %ADDR(variable:*DATA)
Alias
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Use alternate field names for data structure subfields (applies to LIKEREC data structures, externally described data structures, or externally described files).
Usage: ALIAS
Align
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Align integer, unsigned and float subfields.
Usage: ALIGN
%Alloc()
Function. Allocate Storage, Get Pointer.
Usage: %ALLOC(length)
Alloc
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Controls storage module for %Alloc, %Realloc, Dealloc.
Usage: ALLOC(*STGMDL|*TERASPACE|*SNGLVL)
Alloc
Operation code. Allocate Storage.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Alloc.
Alt
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Alternating array.
Usage: ALT(main-array-name)
Alternating Arrays
Two arrays that are loaded together.
Alternating Tables
Two tables that are loaded together.
Altseq
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Alternate collating sequence.
Usage: ALTSEQ(*NONE|*SRC|*EXT)
Alwnull
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Allow null-capable fields.
Usage: ALWNULL(*NO|*INPUTONLY|*USRCTL)
Andxx
Operation code. And.
Usage: Obsolete. Use And connector.
Array
Series of elements with like characteristics; can be searched for a uniquely identified element, and elements can be accessed by their position in the array.
Array File
Input file containing array elements.
Array Index
Actual number of an element in an array, or the field containing the number or relative position of an element in an array.
Ascend
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Sort sequence.
Usage: ASCEND
Aut
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Authority.
Usage: AUT(*LIBRCRTAUT|*ALL|*CHANGE|*USE|*EXCLUDE |'auth-list-name')

B

Based
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Basing pointer.
Usage: BASED(pointer-name)
Begsr
Operation code. Begin Subroutine.
Usage: BEGSR subroutine-name ;
Bind
To create a callable program, by combining one or more ILE modules.
Binder
The system process that creates a bound program by packaging ILE modules and resolving symbols passed between those modules.
Binder Language
Set of commands (STRPGMEXP, EXPORT, and ENDPGMEXP) to define the signature for a service program. These commands (source type BND) are not executable.
Binding
The process of creating a callable program by packaging ILE modules and resolving symbols passed between those modules.
Binding Directory
An object that contains a list of names of modules and service programs that the binder may need when creating an ILE program or service program. A binding directory is not a repository of the modules and service programs; instead, it allows the binder to refer to them by name and type.
%Bitand()
Function. Bitwise AND Operation.
Usage: %BITAND(expression:expression:expression...)
%Bitnot()
Function. Invert Bits.
Usage: %BITNOT(expression)
Bitoff
Operation code. Set Bits Off.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Bitand, %Bitnot.
Biton
Operation code. Set Bits On.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Bitor.
%Bitor()
Function. Bitwise OR Operation.
Usage: %BITOR(expression:expression:expression...)
%Bitxor()
Function. Bitwise Exclusive OR Operation.
Usage: %BITXOR(expression:expression)
Block
Keyword (Dcl-f). Record blocking.
Usage: BLOCK(*YES|*NO)
Bnddir
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Binding directories to use.
Usage: BNDDIR('bnd-dir-name':'bnd-dir-name'...)
Bound program
A callable object that combines one or more modules created by an ILE compiler.

C

C-Specifications (Calculation Specifications)
Section of an RPG program that describes the processing to be done by the program.
Obsolete. Use free format operation codes.
Cabxx
Operation code. Compare and Branch.
Usage: Obsolete. Use logical expressions.
Call
Operation code. Call Program.
Usage: Obsolete. Use Callp.
Callb
Operation code. Call Bound Procedure.
Usage: Obsolete. Use Callp.
Callp
Operation code. Call Prototyped Procedure or Program.
Usage: CALLP(emr) name(parm1:parm2...) ;
Casxx
Operation code. Conditionally Invoke Subroutine.
Usage: Obsolete. Use Select/When/Other.
Cat
Operation code. Concatenate Two Strings.
Usage: Obsolete. Use + operator.
Ccsid
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Default graphic/UCS-2 character set identifier.
Usage: CCSID(*GRAPH:*IGNORE|*SRC|number)
Usage: CCSID(*UCS2:number)
Usage: CCSID(number|*DFT)
Chain
Operation code. Random File Retrieval.
Usage: CHAIN(enhmr) search-arg name data-structure ;
%Char()
Function. Convert to Character Data.
Usage: %CHAR(expression:format)
%Check()
Function. Check Characters.
Usage: %CHECK(comparator:string:start)
Check
Operation code. Check Characters.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Check.
%Checkr()
Function. Check Characters Reverse.
Usage: %CHECKR(comparator:string:start)
Checkr
Operation code. Check Characters Reverse.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Checkr.
Class
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Class.
Usage: CLASS(*JAVA:classname)
Clear
Operation code. Clear Data Item Value.
Usage: CLEAR *NOKEY *ALL name ;
Close
Operation code. Close File.
Usage: CLOSE(e) file-name ;
Combined File
Data file used as both an input and output file.
Commit
Operation code. Commit File Changes.
Usage: COMMIT(e) boundary ;
Keyword (Dcl-f). Commitment control.
Usage: COMMIT(rpg-name)
Comp
Operation code. Compare.
Usage: Obsolete. Use logical expressions.
Compile
To translate source statements into modules, which can then be bound into programs or service programs.
Compile Time Array
Array that is compiled with the program and becomes a permanent part of the program.
Compile Time Table
Table that is compiled with the program and becomes a permanent part of the program.
Compiler Directive
Instruction that controls a compile listing, or causes source records to be included. For example, /COPY, /INCLUDE, /DEFINE.
Conditioning Indicator
Obsolete. Indicator used to specify when to do calculations or which characteristics apply to a record format or field.
Const
Keyword (Dcl-parm). Read-only parameter.
Usage: CONST
Keyword (Dcl-c). Constant value.
Usage: CONST(value)
Constant
Data that has an unchanging, predefined value to be used in processing. A constant does not change during the running of a program, but the contents of a field or variable can.
Control Boundary
Call stack entry to which control is transferred when an unmonitored error occurs.
Control Break
Change in the contents of a control field that indicates all records from a particular control group were read and a new control group is starting.
Control Field
one or more fields that are compared from record to record to detect a control break. When a control break occurs, the control level indicator (L1-L9) assigned to a control field is set on.
Control Specifications (H-Specifications)
Section of an RPG program that provides information about program generation and defaults.
Obsolete. Use Ctl-opt.
/Copy
Compiler directive. Copy records from another source member into the current compile process.
Usage: /COPY library/file,member
Copynest
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Maximum /Copy nesting level.
Usage: COPYNEST(0-2048)
Copyright
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Copyright string.
Usage: COPYRIGHT('string')
Ctdata
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Compile time array/table.
Usage: CTDATA
Ctl-opt
Operation code. Provides information about program generation and defaults. Replaces H-specification.
Usage: CTL-OPT Ctl-opt-keywords;
Cursym
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Currency symbol.
Usage: CURSYM('symbol')
Cvtopt
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Data type conversion options.
Usage: CVTOPT(*DATETIME|*NODATETIME *GRAPHIC|*NOGRAPHIC *VARCHAR|*NOVARCHAR *VARGRAPHIC|*NOVARGRAPHIC)

D

D-Specifications (Definition Specifications)
Section of an RPG program that defines data items, such as standalone fields, named constants, data structures, prototypes, and procedure interfaces.
Obsolete. Use Dcl-c, Dcl-ds, Dcl-pi, Dcl-pr, Dcl-s.
%Date()
Function. Convert to Date.
Usage: %DATE(expression:format)
Datedit
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Date edit (Y edit code).
Usage: DATEDIT(format-and-separator)
Datfmt
Keyword (H-, Dcl-xx). Date format.
Usage: DATFMT(format-and-separator)
%Days()
Function. Convert to Number of Days.
Usage: %DAYS(numeric-expression)
Dcl-c
Operation code. Declares a named constant. Replaces D-spec for named constants.
Usage: DCL-C name value;
Dcl-ds
Operation code. Declares a data structure; used with Dcl-subf, End-ds. Replaces D-spec for data structures.
Usage: DCL-DS name|*N PSDS EXT|EXTNAME('file') Dcl-ds-keywords
Dcl-f
Operation code. Identifies and describes file used by the program. Replaces F-specification.
Usage (Externallly described): DCL-F filename device|LIKEFILE(parent) USAGE(*INPUT|*UPDATE|*DELETE|*OUTPUT) KEYED Dcl-f-keywords;
Usage (Program described): DCL-F filename device(record-length)|LIKEFILE(parent) USAGE(*INPUT|*UPDATE|*DELETE|*OUTPUT) KEYED(*CHAR:key-length) KEYLOC(key-location) Dcl-f-keywords;
Notes: USAGE(*INPUT) is default for DISK, SEQ, and SPECIAL files. USAGE(*OUTPUT) is default for PRINTER files. USAGE(*INPUT:*OUTPUT) is default for WORKSTN files. USAGE(*DELETE) is required if program allows file deletions.
Dclopt
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Prevents changing data structure length.
Usage: DCLOPT(*NOCHGDSLEN) 
Dcl-parm
Operation code. Declares a parameter; used with Dcl-pr, Dcl-pi. Replaces D-spec for parameters.
Usage: DCL-PARM name|*N datatype|LIKE(parent:adjustment) Dcl-parm-keywords
Note: Supported datatype entries are
  • CHAR(length), VARCHAR(length:varying-size)
  • PACKED(digits:decimals), ZONED(digits:decimals)
  • INT(digits), UNS(digits)
  • BINDEC(digits:decimals)
  • FLOAT(bytes)
  • IND
  • DATE(format)
  • TIME(format)
  • TIMESTAMP
  • POINTER(*PROC)
  • OBJECT(*JAVA:class)
  • UCS2(length), VARUCS2(length:varying-size)
  • GRAPH(length), VARGRAPH(length:varying-size)
Dcl-pi
Operation code. Declares a procedure interface; used with Dcl-parm, End-pi. Replaces D-spec for prototypes.
Usage: DCL-PI name|*N datatype|LIKE(parent:adjustment) Dcl-pi-keywords;

Note: Supported datatype entries are
  • CHAR(length), VARCHAR(length:varying-size)
  • PACKED(digits:decimals), ZONED(digits:decimals)
  • INT(digits), UNS(digits)
  • BINDEC(digits:decimals)
  • FLOAT(bytes)
  • IND
  • DATE(format)
  • TIME(format)
  • TIMESTAMP
  • POINTER(*PROC)
  • OBJECT(*JAVA:class)
  • UCS2(length), VARUCS2(length:varying-size)
  • GRAPH(length), VARGRAPH(length:varying-size)
Dcl-pr
Operation code. Declares a prototype; used with Dcl-parm, End-pr. Replaces D-spec for prototypes.
Usage: DCL-PR name datatype|LIKE(parent:adjustment) Dcl-pr-keywords;

Note: Supported datatype entries for return value are
  • CHAR(length), VARCHAR(length:varying-size)
  • PACKED(digits:decimals), ZONED(digits:decimals)
  • INT(digits), UNS(digits)
  • BINDEC(digits:decimals)
  • FLOAT(bytes)
  • IND
  • DATE(format)
  • TIME(format)
  • TIMESTAMP
  • POINTER(*PROC)
  • OBJECT(*JAVA:class)
  • UCS2(length), VARUCS2(length:varying-size)
  • GRAPH(length), VARGRAPH(length:varying-size)
Dcl-proc
Operation code. Declares the beginning of a procedure; used with End-proc. Replaces P-spec.
Usage: DCL-PROC name Dcl-proc-keywords
Dcl-s
Operation code. Declares a standalone variable. Replaces D-spec for standalone variable.
Usage: DCL-S name datatype|LIKE(parent:adjustment) Dcl-s-keywords;
Note: Supported datatype entries are
  • CHAR(length), VARCHAR(length:varying-size)
  • PACKED(digits:decimals), ZONED(digits:decimals)
  • INT(digits), UNS(digits)
  • BINDEC(digits:decimals)
  • FLOAT(bytes)
  • IND
  • DATE(format)
  • TIME(format)
  • TIMESTAMP
  • POINTER(*PROC)
  • OBJECT(*JAVA:class)
  • UCS2(length), VARUCS2(length:varying-size)
  • GRAPH(length), VARGRAPH(length:varying-size)
Dcl-subf
Operation code. Declares a data structure subfield; used with Dcl-ds. Replaces D-spec for data structures.
Usage: DCL-SUBF name|*N datatype|LIKE(parent:adjustment) Dcl-subf-keywords
Note: Supported datatype entries are
  • CHAR(length), VARCHAR(length:varying-size)
  • PACKED(digits:decimals), ZONED(digits:decimals)
  • INT(digits), UNS(digits)
  • BINDEC(digits:decimals)
  • FLOAT(bytes)
  • IND
  • DATE(format)
  • TIME(format)
  • TIMESTAMP
  • POINTER(*PROC)
  • OBJECT(*JAVA:class)
  • UCS2(length), VARUCS2(length:varying-size)
  • GRAPH(length), VARGRAPH(length:varying-size)
Dealloc
Operation code. Free Storage.
Usage: DEALLOC(en) pointer-name ;
Debug
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Debug options.
Usage: DEBUG(*DUMP *INPUT *XMLSAX)
Usage: DEBUG(*NO|*YES)
%Dec()
Function. Convert to Packed Decimal.
Usage: %DEC(expression:digits:decimals)
Usage: %DEC(date-expression:format)
Decedit
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Decimal notation.
Usage: DECEDIT(*JOBRUN|'value')
%Dech()
Function. Convert to Packed Decimal with Half-Adjust.
Usage: %DECH(expression:digits:decimals)
%Decpos()
Function. Get Number of Decimal Positions.
Usage: %DECPOS(numeric-expression)
Decprec
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Decimal precision.
Usage: DECPREC(30|31)
Define
Operation code. Define Field.
Usage: Obsolete. Use Dcl-xx with Like.
Delete
Operation code. Delete Record.
Usage: DELETE(ehmr) search-arg name ;
Descend
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Array/table in descending collating sequence.
Usage: DESCEND
Devid
Keyword (Dcl-f). Program device for SPECIAL file.
Usage: DEVID(field-name)
Dftactgrp
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Compile unit to use default activation group.
Usage: DFTACTGRP(*YES|*NO)
Dftname
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Default name for compile unit.
Usage: DFTNAME(name)
%Diff()
Function. Get Difference Between Dates/Times/Timestamps.
Usage: %DIFF(date1:date2:duration)
Dim
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Number of elements in table/array (1-16773104).
Usage: DIM(numeric-constant)
%Div()
Function. Get Integer Portion of Quotient.
Usage: %DIV(dividend:divisor)
Div
Operation code. Divide.
Usage: Obsolete. Use / operator, or %Div.
Do
Operation code. Do.
Usage: Obsolete. Use For.
Dou
Operation code. Do Until.
Usage: DOU(mr) logical-expression ;
Douxx
Operation code. Do Until.
Usage: Obsolete. Use Dou.
Dow
Operation code. Do While.
Usage: DOW(mr) logical-expression ;
Dowxx
Operation code. Do While.
Usage: Obsolete. Use Dow.
Dsply
Operation code. Misplay Message.
Usage:  DSPLY(e) message output-queue response ;
Dtaara
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Data area name.
Usage: DTAARA(*VAR:data-area-name)
Dump
Operation code. Dump Program.
Usage: DUMP(a) identifier ;

E

%Editc()
Function. Edit Value Using Edit Code.
Usage: %EDITC(numeric-expression:editcode :fill-symbol)
%Editflt()
Function. Convert to Floating Point External Representation.
Usage: %EDITFLT(numeric-expression)
%Editw()
Function. Edit Value Using Edit Word.
Usage: %EDITW(numeric-expression:editword)
/Eject
Compiler directive. Skip to next page of compiler listing.
Usage: /EJECT
%Elem()
Function. Get Number of Elements.
Usage: %ELEM(data-item)
Else
Operation code. Else.
Usage: ELSE ;
/Else
Compiler directive. Select source block to include if previous /If or /Elseif failed (conditional compilation). Used with /Define, /If, /Elseif, /Endif.
Usage: /ELSE
Elseif
Operation code. Else If.
Usage: ELSEIF(mr) logical-expression ;
/Elseif
Compiler directive. Test conditional expression, within an /If or /Elseif group (conditional compilation). Used with /Define, /Else, /If, /Endif.
Usage: /ELSEIF NOT DEFINED(condition | *CRTBNDRPG | *CRTRPGMOD | *VxRxMx | COMPILE_WINDOWS | COMPILE_JAVA)
Enbpfrcol
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Enable performance collection.
Usage: ENBPFRCOL(*PEP|*ENTRYEXIT|*FULL)
End-ds
Operation code. Ends a data structure definition; used with Dcl-ds.
Usage: END-DS name;
Enddo
Operation code. End Do Group.
Usage: ENDDO;
/End-exec
Compiler directive. End of embedded SQL statement.
Usage: Obsolete. Use semi-colon (;).
Endfor
Operation code. End For Group.
Usage: ENDFOR;
/End-free
Compiler directive. End a free format calculation block.
Usage: /END-FREE
Obsolete. No longer required.
Endif
Operation code. End If Group.
Usage: ENDIF;
/Endif
Compiler directive. End an /If source code block (conditional compilation). Used with /Define, /If, /Elseif, /Endif.
Usage: /ENDIF
Endmon
Operation code. End Monitor Group.
Usage: ENDMON;
End-pi
Operation code. Ends a procedure interface definition; used with Dcl-pi.
Usage: END-PI name;
End-pr
Operation code. Ends a prototype definition; used with Dcl-pr.
Usage: END-PR name;
End-proc
Operation code. Ends a procedure. Replaces P-specification.
Usage: END-PROC name;
Endsl
Operation code. End Select Group.
Usage: ENDSL;
Endsr
Operation code. End Subroutine.
Usage: ENDSR return-point ;
%Eof()
Function. Get End (Beginning) of File Status.
Usage: %EOF(file-name)
/Eof
Compiler directive. End of file for current source file.
Usage: /EOF
%Equal()
Function. Get Exact Match Status for SETLL Operation.
Usage: %EQUAL(file-name)
%Error
Function. Get Error Status.
Usage: %ERROR
Eval
Operation code. Evaluate Expression.
Usage: EVAL(hmr) assignment-expression ;
Evalr
Operation code. Evaluate Expression, Right Adjust.
Usage: EVALR(mr) assignment-expression ;
Eval-corr
Operation code. Assign corresponding subfields from one data structure to another.
Usage: EVAL-CORR(hmr) ds1 = ds2 ;
Except
Operation code. Perform Calculation Time Output.
Usage: EXCEPT except-name ;
Exec Sql
Compiler directive. Execute an embedded SQL statement. Used with /End-exec.
Usage: EXEC SQL sql-statement ;
Exfmt
Operation code. Write, Then Read Format.
Usage: EXFMT(e) format-name data-structure;
Export
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Field or procedure can be exported (i.e., used by another module).
Usage: EXPORT(external-name)
Expropts
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Expression evaluation options.
Usage: EXPROPTS(*MAXDIGITS|*RESDECPOS)
Exsr
Operation code. Invoke Subroutine.
Usage: EXSR subroutine-name ;
Extbinint
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Use integer format for externally-described binary fields.
Usage: EXTBININT(*NO|*YES)
Extdesc
Keyword (Dcl-f). External name of file to use at compile time.
Usage: EXTDESC(file-name)
External Indicator
Indicator (U1-U8) that can be set by another program before a program is run, or changed by another program while the program is running.
Extfile
Keyword (Dcl-f). External name of file to open.
Usage: EXTFILE(file-name|*EXTDESC)
Extfld
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Rename externally described subfield.
Usage: EXTFLD(field-name)
Extfmt
Keyword (Dcl-xx). External data type.
Usage: EXTFMT(B|C|F|I|L|P|R|S|U)
Extind
Keyword (Dcl-f). External indicator.
Usage: EXTIND(*INU1-*INU8)
Extmbr
Keyword (Dcl-f). File member to open.
Usage: EXTMBR(member-name)
Extname
Keyword (Dcl-xx). External file with field descriptions.
Usage: EXTNAME(file-name:format-name :*ALL|*INPUT|*OUTPUT|*KEY|*NULL)
Extpgm
Keyword (Dcl-xx). External program name.
Usage: EXTPGM(pgm-name)
Extproc
Keyword (Dcl-xx). External procedure name.
Usage: EXTPROC(proc-name)
Usage: EXTPROC(*CL|*CWIDEN|*CNOWIDEN|*JAVA:class-name :proc-name)
Extrct
Operation code. Extract From Date/Time/Timestamp.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Subdt.

F

F-Specifications (File Specifications)
Section of an RPG program that identifies and describes files used by the program.
Obsolete. Use Dcl-f.
Feod
Operation code. Force End of Data.
Usage: FEOD(en) file-name ;
%Fields()
Function. List of Fields to Update.
Usage: %FIELDS(name1:name2...)
Figurative Constant
Reserved literal that respresents a value; the word can be used instead of a literal to represent the value. For example, *BLANKS, *ZEROS, *HIVAL, *LOVAL, *ON, *OFF.
File Information Data Structure
Data structure that makes file exception/error information available to the program. Must be unique for each file.
Fixnbr
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Fix invalid decimal data option.
Usage: FIXNBR(*ZONED|*NOZONED:*INPUTPACKED |*NOINPUTPACKED)
%Float()
Function. Convert to Floating Point Data.
Usage: %FLOAT(expression)
Fltdiv
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Floating point division option.
Usage: FLTDIV(*NO|*YES)
For
Operation code. For
Usage: FOR(mr) index = start BY increment TO|DOWNTO limit ;
Force
Operation code. Force File to be Read Next Cycle.
Usage: FORCE file-name ;
Formlen
Keyword (Dcl-f). Form length of printer file.
Usage: FORMLEN(length)
Formofl
Keyword (Dcl-f). Form overflow line number.
Usage: FORMOFL(line)
Formsalign
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Forms alignment.
Usage: FORMSALIGN(*NO|*YES)
%Found()
Function. Get Record Found Status for CHAIN, DELETE, SETGT, SETLL Operation.
Usage: %FOUND(file-name)
**Free
Compiler directive. Begin “fully-free” format source member. Source may be coded anywhere from column 1 to the end of the source line. Fixed format source is not allowed anywhere in member. **Free directive must appear in column 1 of first source line; rest of line must be blank.
Usage: **Free
/Free
Compiler directive. Begin a free format calculation block. Used with /End-free.
Usage: /FREE
Obsolete. No longer required. Not allowed in **Free member.
Fromfile
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Name of file from which to load pre-runtime array/table.
Usage: FROMFILE(file-name)
Ftrans
Keyword (Ctl-opt). File translation.
Usage: FTRANS(*NONE|*SRC)
Full Procedural File
File that uses input operations controlled by operation codes instead of by the program cycle.

G

Genlvl
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Generation level.
Usage: GENLVL(0-20)
Goto
Operation code. Go To Tag.
Usage: Obsolete. Use structured techniques.
%Graph()
Function. Convert to Graphic Value.
Usage: %GRAPH(expression:ccsid)

H

H-Specifications (Control Specifications)
Section of an RPG program that provides information about program generation and defaults.
Obsolete. Use Ctl-opt.
Halt Indicator
Indicator (H1-H9) that stops the program when an unacceptable condition occurs.
%Handler()
Function. Identify procedure to handle XML document event(s). Used with XML-SAX and XML-INTO operations.
Usage: %HANDLER(procedure:comm-area)
%Hours()
Function. Convert to Number of Hours.
Usage: %HOURS(numeric-expression)

I

I-Specifications (Input Specifications)
Section of an RPG program described input records and their fields, or adds functions to an externally described input file.
If
Operation code. If.
Usage: IF(mr) logical-expression ;
/If
Compiler directive. Test conditional expression for conditional compilation. Used with /Define, /Else, /Elseif, /Endif.
Usage: /IF NOT DEFINED(condition | *CRTBNDRPG | *CRTRPGMOD | *VxRxMx | COMPILE_WINDOWS | COMPILE_JAVA)
Ifxx
Operation code. If.
Usage: Obsolete. Use If.
Ignore
Keyword (Dcl-f). Ignore record format.
Usage: IGNORE(format-name1:formatname2...)
ILE
Integrated Language Environment.
Import
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Field is imported (i.e., defined in another module).
Usage: IMPORT(external-name)
In
Operation code. Retrieve a Data Area.
Usage: IN(e) *LOCK data-area-name ;
Include
Keyword (Dcl-f). Include record format.
Usage: INCLUDE(format-name1:formatname2...)
/Include
Compiler directive. Copy records from another source member into the current compile process.
Usage: /INCLUDE library/file,member
Indds
Keyword (Dcl-f). Map indicators to a data structure.
Usage: INDDS(ds-name)
Indent
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Indent source listing.
Usage: INDENT(*NONE|'character-value')
Infds
Keyword (Dcl-f). File fedback data structure.
Usage: INFDS(ds-name)
Infsr
Keyword (Dcl-f). File exception/error subroutine.
Usage: INFSR(subr-name)
%Int()
Function. Convert to Integer Format.
Usage: %INT(expression)
Integrated Language Environment
ILE. A common run-time environment for all ILE conforming high-level languages, including RPG IV.
%Inth()
Function. Convert to Integer Format With Half-Adjust.
Usage: %INTH(expression)
Intprec
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Integer precision.
Usage: INTPREC(10|20)
Inz
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Intialize data.
Usage: INZ(constant|*EXTDFT|*LIKEDS|*NULL|*USER|*JOB |*SYS)
Iter
Operation code. Iterate.
Usage: ITER ;

J

(No entries)

K

%Kds()
Function. Use Data Structure as Search Argument.
Usage: %KDS(data-structure:number-of-keys)
Keyloc
Keyword (Dcl-f). Key field location.
Usage: KEYLOC(number)
Kfld
Operation code. Define a Key Field.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Kds data structure.
Klist
Operation code. Define a Composite Key List.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Kds data structure.

L

Langid
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Language identifier.
Usage: LANGID(*JOBRUN|*JOB|'language-identifier')
Last Record Indicator (LR)
Indicator that signals when the last record (LR) is processed; can then condition calculation and output operations to be done at the end of the program.
Leave
Operation code. Leave Do/For Group.
Usage: LEAVE ;
Leavesr
Operation code. Leave Subroutine.
Usage: LEAVESR ;
Len
Keyword (Dcl-xx).Length of data structure or character data item (1-16773104).
Usage: LEN(length)
%Len()
Function. Get/Set Length.
Usage: %LEN(expression:*MAX)
Like
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Define a field like another.
Usage: LIKE(field-name)
Likeds
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Define a data structure like another.
Usage: LIKEDS(ds-name)
Likefile
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Define a file specification or parameter like another Dcl-f.
Usage: LIKEFILE(file-name)
Likerec
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Define a data structure like a record format.
Usage: LIKEREC(format-name:*ALL|*INPUT|*OUTPUT|*KEY|*NULL)
%Lookup()
Function. Lookup Array Element.
Usage: %LOOKUP(search-arg:array:start :number-elements)
Usage: %LOOKUPLT(search-arg:array:start :number-elements)
Usage: %LOOKUPLE(search-arg:array:start :number-elements)
Usage: %LOOKUPGE(search-arg:array:start :number-elements)
Usage: %LOOKUPGT(search-arg:array:start :number-elements)
Lookup
Operation code. Look up an Array or Table Element.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Lookup or %Tlookup.

M

Main
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Main procedure name for program.
Usage: MAIN(procedure-name)
%Max()
Function. Maximum value of operands.
Usage: %MAX(item1:item2 ... : itemn)
Maxdev
Keyword (Dcl-f). Maximum number of WORKSTN devices.
Usage: MAXDEV(*ONLY|*FILE)
Mhhzo
Operation code. Move High to High Zone.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Bitand, %Bitor.
Mhlzo
Operation code. Move High to Low Zone.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Bitand, %Bitor.
%Min()
Function. Minimum value of operands.
Usage: %MIN(item1:item2 ... : itemn)
%Minutes()
Function. Convert to Number of Minutes.
Usage: %MINUTES(numeric-expression)
Mlhzo
Operation code. Move Low to High Zone.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Bitand, %Bitor.
Mllzo
Operation code. Move Low to Low Zone.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Bitand, %Bitor.
Module
Object (*MODULE) that results from compiling source code. A module cannot be called until it is first bound into a program.
Monitor
Operation code. Begin Monitor Group.
Usage: MONITOR ;
%Months()
Function. Convert to Number of Months.
Usage: %MONTHS(numeric-expression)
Move
Operation code. Move.
Usage: Obsolete. Use Eval, Evalr, %Subst, conversion functions.
Movea
Operation code. Move Array.
Usage: Obsolete. Use Eval, Evalr, %Subarr, %Subst, conversion functions.
Movel
Operation code. Move Left.
Usage: Obsolete. Use Evalr Eval, %Subst, conversion functions.
%Mseconds()
Function. Convert to Number of Microseconds.
Usage: %MSECONDS(numeric-expression)
Mult
Operation code. Multiply.
Usage: Obsolete. Use * operator.
Mvr
Operation code. Move Remainder.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Rem.

N

Named Constant
Name defined in Dcl-c instruction representing a specific value that does not change during the running of the program. Name can be used instead of a literal to represent the value.
Next
Operation code. Force Next Input From a Device.
Usage: NEXT(e) program-device file-name ;
Nomain
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Compile ILE module without a main procedure.
Usage: NOMAIN
Noopt
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Do not optimize data item.
Usage: NOOPT
Nullind
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Associate data item as null indicator(s) for another item.
Usage: NULLIND(null-indicator)
%Nullind()
Function. Get/set null indicator value.
Usage: %NULLIND(field-name)

O

O-Specifications (Output Specifications)
Section of an RPG program described output records and their fields, or adds functions to an externally described output file.
%Occur()
Function. Get/Set Null Data Structure Occurrence.
Usage: Obsolete. Use array data structure.
Occur
Operation code. Get/Set Data Structure Occurrence.
Usage: Obsolete. Use array data structure..
Occurs
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Number of occurrences in a multiple occurrence data structure (1-16773104).
Usage: Obsolete. Use array data structure.
Oflind
Keyword (Dcl-f). Overflow indicator for PRINTER file.
Usage: OFLIND(*INOA-*INOG|*INOV|*IN01-*IN99|name)
On-error
Operation code. On-Error. Begins error processing block.
Usage: ON-ERROR exception-id1:exception-id2... ;
On-exit
Operation code. On-Exit. Begins end-of-procedure processing block.
Usage: ON-EXIT status-indicator ;
Opdesc
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Pass operational descriptor.
Usage: OPDESC
%Open()
Function. Get File Open Status.
Usage: %OPEN(file-name)
Open
Operation code. Open File for Processing.
Usage: OPEN(e) file-name ;
Openopt
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Open printer file option.
Usage: OPENOPT(*NOINZOFL|*INZOFL)
OPM
Original Program Model.
Optimize
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Compile unit optimization level.
Usage: OPTIMIZE(*NONE|*BASIC|*FULL)
Option
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Compiler options.
Usage: OPTION(*NOXREF|*XREF *NOGEN|*GEN *NOSECLVL|*SECLVL *NOSHOWCOPY|*SHOWCOPY *NOEXPDDS|*EXPDDS *NOEXT|*EXT *NOSHOWSKP|*SHOWSKP *NOSRCSTMT|*SRCSTMT *NODEBUGIO|*DEBUGIO *UNREF|*NOUNREF)
Options
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Parameter passing options for prototyped parameters.
Usage: OPTIONS(*NOPASS *NULLIND *OMIT  *RIGHTADJ *STRING *TRIM *VARSIZE)
Orxx
Operation code. Or.
Usage: Obsolete. Use Or connector.
Original Program Model
OPM. The set of functions for compiling source code and creating programs before the Integrated Language Environment (ILE) model was introduced.
Other
Operation code. Otherwise Select.
Usage: OTHER ;
Out
Operation code. Write Data Area.
Usage: OUT(e) *LOCK data-area-name ;
Overlay
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Overlay data structure subfield.
Usage: OVERLAY(subfield-name:position|*NEXT)
Overflow Indicator
Indicator that signals when the overflow line on a page has been printed or passed; can be used to specify which lines are to be printed on the next page.

P

P-Specifications (Procedure Boundary Specifications)
Specifications in an RPG program that define the beginning and ending boundaries of a procedure.
Obsolete. Use Dcl-proc, End-proc.
Packeven
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Fix high-order digit for packed field with an even number of digits.
Usage: PACKEVEN
%Paddr()
Function. Get Pointer to Procedure Address.
Usage: %PADDR(procedure)
Parm
Operation code. Identify Parameters.
Usage: Obsolete. Use PR/PI definitions.
%Parmnum()
Function. Get ordinal position of named parameter in parameter list.
Usage: %PARMNUM(parm-name)
%Parms
Function. Get Number of Parameters.
Usage: %PARMS
Pass
Keyword (Dcl-f). Do not pass indicators.
Usage: PASS(*NOIND)
Percolation
In error recovery, the process of passing an unhandled exception (error) without change, along an established path of control to a higher-level recovery routine.
Perrcd
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Number of compile time array/table elements per record.
Usage: PERRCD(numeric-constant)
Pgminfo
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Place program information directly into compiled module.
Usage: PGMINFO(*NO|*PCML|*DCLCASE:*MODULE)
Keyword (Dcl-proc). Place program information directly into compiled module.
Usage: PGMINFO(*YES|*NO)
Pgmname
Keyword (Dcl-f). Program to process SPECIAL device file.
Usage: PGMNAME(pgm-name)
Plist
Keyword (Dcl-f). Parameter list to be passed to SPECIAL file program.
Usage: PLIST(plist-name)
Operation code. Identify a Parameter List.
Usage: Obsolete. Use PR/PI definitions.
Post
Operation code. Post Information to INFDS.
Usage: POST(e) program-device file-name ;
Prefix
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Add, replace a prefix to externally described fields (rename).
Usage: PREFIX(prefix-string:number) Usage: PREFIX('':number)
Pre-Runtime Array
Array loaded at the same time as the program, before the program actually begins to run.
Pre-Runtime Table
Table loaded at the same time as the program, before the program actually begins to run.
Prfdta
Keyword (Dcl-f). Collect profiling data.
Usage: PRFDTA(*NOCOL|*COL)
Primary File
If specified, the first file from which the program reads a record.
%Proc()
Function. Return Name of Current Procedure.
Usage: %PROC()
Procedure
Set of self-contained statements, in a module, that performs a task and returns to its caller.
Procptr
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Field is a procedure pointer.
Usage: PROCPTR
Program
Callable object (*PGM), consisting of a set of executable instructions in machine-readable form. The result of binding modules together.
Program Entry Procedure (PEP)
Procedure provided by the compiler that is the entry point for a program. Also called a user entry procedure.
Promotion
In error recovery, the process of converting an unhandled exception (error) into a new exception with a different meaning; then percolating the new exception.
Prtctl
Keyword (Dcl-f). Dynamic printer control.
Usage: PRTCTL(ds-name:COMPAT)
Public Interface
The names of procedures and data items, exported from a service program, that can be accessed by other ILE programs or service programs.

Q

Qualified
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Force qualified names for record formats or subfields.
Usage: QUALIFIED

R

Rafdata
Keyword (Dcl-f). Name of date file for record address file.
Usage: RAFDATA(file-name)
Read
Operation code. Read a Record.
Usage: READ(en) name data-structure ;
Readc
Operation code. Read Next Changed Record.
Usage: READC(e) record-name data-structure ;
Reade
Operation code. Read Equal Key.
Usage: READE(enhmr) search-arg name data-structure ;
Readp
Operation code. Read Prior Record.
Usage: READP(en) name data-structure ;
Readpe
Operation code. Read Prior Equal Key.
Usage: READPE(enhmr) search-arg name data-structure ;
%Realloc()
Function. Reallocate Storage with New Length.
Usage: %REALLOC(pointer:length)
Realloc
Operation code. Reallocate Storage with New Length.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Realloc.
Recno
Keyword (Dcl-f). Field name for relative record number processing.
Usage: RECNO(field-name)
Record Address File
Input file that indicates which records are to be read from another file and the order in which the records are to be read.
Rel
Operation code. Release Device.
Usage: REL(e) program-device file-name ;
%Rem()
Function. Get Integer Remainder (Modulus).
Usage: %REM(dividend:divisor)
Rename
Keyword (Dcl-f). Rename record format from externally described file.
Usage: RENAME(external-fmt-name:internal-fmt-name)
%Replace()
Function. Replace Character String.
Usage: %REPLACE(replacement:string:start:length)
Reset
Operation code. Reset Data Item Value.
Usage: RESET(e) *NOKEY *ALL name ;
Resulting Indicator
Obsolete. Indicator that signals the result of a calculation. Use %Found, %Error, %Eof, or %Equal instead.
Return
Operation code. Return to Caller.
Usage: RETURN(hmr) expression ;
Rolbk
Operation code. Roll Back File Changes.
Usage: ROLBK(e) ;
Rtnparm
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Handles procedure return value as hidden parameter.
Usage: RTNPARM
Runtime Array
An array that is loaded after the program starts to run.
Runtime Table
A table that is loaded after the program starts to run.

S

Saveds
Keyword (Dcl-f). Save data structure.
Usage: SAVEDS(ds-name)
Saveind
Keyword (Dcl-f). Save indicators.
Usage: SAVEIND(number)
SAX
Simple API for XML. SAX provides a mechanism for reading data from an XML document. RPG supports SAX with the XML-SAX operation.
%Scan()
Function. Scan string for characters, get first position.
Usage: %SCAN(search-arg:string:start:length)
Scan
Operation code. Scan String for Characters.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Scan.
%Scanr()
Function. Scan string for characters, get last position.
Usage: %SCANR(search-arg:string:start:length)
%Scanrpl()
Function. Scan string for all appearances of search argument, replace with another value.
Usage: %SCANRPL(search-arg:replacement:string:start:length)
Secondary File
Any input file other than the primary file, if specified.
%Seconds()
Function. Convert to Number of Seconds.
Usage: %SECONDS(numeric-expression)
Select
Operation code. Begin Select Group.
Usage: SELECT ;
Serialize
Keyword (Dcl-proc). Procedure can be run by only one thread at a time.
Usage: SERIALIZE
Service Program
Bound program object (*SRVPGM) containing utility procedures that can be called by other bound programs.
Setgt
Operation code. Set Greater Than.
Usage: SETGT(ehmr) search-arg name ;
Setll
Operation code. Set Lower Limit.
Usage: SETLL(ehmr) search-arg name ;
Setoff
Operation code. Set Indicators Off.
Usage: Obsolete. Use assignment expressions.
Seton
Operation code. Set Indicators On.
Usage: Obsolete. Use assignment expressions.
Sfile
Keyword (Dcl-f). Subfile parameters.
Usage: SFILE(format-name:rrn-field)
%Shtdn
Function. Get Shutdown Request Status.
Usage: %SHTDN
Shtdn
Operation code. Check for Shutdown Request.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Shtdn.
%Size()
Function. Get Byte Size.
Usage: %SIZE(data-item:*ALL)
Sln
Keyword (Dcl-f). Starting line for WORKSTN file.
Usage: SLN(number)
Sorta
Operation code. Sort Array.
Usage: SORTA(a|d) %Subarr(array-name:start :number-of-elements) ;
/Space
Compiler directive. Compiler listing line spacing.
Usage: /SPACE nbr
%Sqrt()
Function. Get Square Root of Expression.
Usage: %SQRT(numeric-expression)
Sqrt
Operation code. Square Root.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Sqrt.
Srtseq
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Sort sequence table.
Usage: SRTSEQ(*HEX|*JOB|*JOBRUN|*LANGIDUNQ |*LANGIDSHR|'sort-table-name')
Static
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Local file or data item uses static storage, or Java method is static.
Usage: STATIC(*ALLTHREAD)
%Status()
Function. Get status code.
Usage: %STATUS(file-name)
Stgmdl
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Controls storage model of module or program.
Usage: STGMDL(*INHERIT|*TERASPACE|*SNGLVL)
%Str()
Function. Get/Set Null-Terminated String.
Usage: %STR(pointer:length:position)
Sub
Operation code. Subtract.
Usage: Obsolete. Use – operator.
%Subarr()
Function. Get/Set Portion of Array.
Usage: %SUBARR(array:start:number-of-elements)
Subdur
Operation code. Subtract Duration.
Usage: Obsolete. Use – operator, %DIFF, date functions.
%Subdt()
Function. Extract Portion of Date/Time/Timestamp.
Usage: %SUBDT(value:duration)
%Subst()
Function. Get/Set Character Substring.
Usage: %SUBST(string:start:length)
Subst
Operation code. Substring.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Subst.

T

Table
Series of elements with like characteristics; can be searched for a uniquely identified element, but elements in a table cannot be accessed by their position relative to other elements.
Table File
Input file that contains a table.
Tag
Operation code. Tag.
Usage: Obsolete.
Template
Keyword (Dcl-xx). File is used only as template for LIKEFILE; data item is used only as template for LIKE or LIKEDS.
Usage: TEMPLATE
Test
Operation code. Test Date/Time/Timestamp.
Usage: TEST(edtz) dtz-format field-name ;
Testb
Operation code. Test Bit.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Bitand.
Testn
Operation code. Test Numeric.
Usage: Obsolete. Use Monitor, On-error.
Testz
Operation code. Test Zone.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Bitand.
Text
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Compile unit descriptive text.
Usage: TEXT(*SRCMBRTXT|*BLANK|'description')
%This
Function. Get Class Instance for Native Method.
Usage: %THIS
Thread
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Multi-thread environment.
Usage: THREAD(*SERIALIZE|*CONCURRENT)
%Time()
Function. Convert to Time.
Usage: %TIME(expression:format)
/Title
Compiler directive. Specify heading information for compiler listing.
Usage: /TITLE  text
Time
Operation code. Get Time and Date.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Date, %Time, %Timestamp.
%Timestamp()
Function. Convert to Timestamp.
Usage: %TIMESTAMP(expression:format)
Timfmt
Keyword (H-, Dcl-xx). Time format.
Usage: TIMFMT(format:separator)
%Tlookup()
Function. Lookup Table Element.
Usage: %TLOOKUP(search-arg:table:alt-table)
Usage: %TLOOKUPLT(search-arg:table:alt-table)
Usage: %TLOOKUPLE(search-arg:table:alt-table)
Usage: %TLOOKUPGE(search-arg:table:alt-table)
Usage: %TLOOKUPGT(search-arg:table:alt-table)
Tofile
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Name of file where to save pre-runtime array/table at end of program.
Usage: TOFILE(file-name)
%Trim()
Function. Trim Leading and Trailing Characters.
Usage: %TRIM(string:characters)
%Triml()
Function. Trim Leading Characters.
Usage: %TRIML(string:characters)
%Trimr()
Function. Trim Trailing Characters.
Usage: %TRIMR(string:characters)
Truncnbr
Keyword (Ctl-opt). Truncate numeric values.
Usage: TRUNCNBR(*YES|*NO)

U

%Ucs2()
Function. Convert to UCS-2 Value.
Usage: %UCS2(value:ccsid)
/Undefine
Compiler directive. Remove condition defined by /Define conditional compilation directive.
Usage: /UNDEFINE condition-name
Unlock
Operation code. Unlock Data Area or Release Record.
Usage: UNLOCK(e) name ;
%Uns()
Function. Convert to Unsigned Integer Format.
Usage: %UNS(expression)
%Unsh()
Function. Convert to Unsigned Integer Format With Half-Adjust.
Usage: %UNSH(expression)
Update
Operation code. Modify Existing Record.
Usage:  UPDATE(e) name data-structure|%FIELDS(name1:name2...) ;
Update File
File from which a program reads a record, changes data fields in the record, then writes the record back to the location from which it came.
User Entry Procedure (UEP)
Procedure provided by the compiler that is the entry point for a program. Also called a program entry procedure.
Usropn
Keyword (Dcl-f). User-controlled open/close of file.
Usage: USROPN
Usrprf
Keyword (Ctl-opt). User profile.
Usage: USRPRF(*USER|*OWNER)

V

Value
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Pass prototyped parameter by value.
Usage: VALUE
Varying
Keyword (Dcl-xx). Variable length character or graphic field.
Usage: VARYING(2|4)

W

When
Operation code. When True, Then Select
Usage: WHEN(mr) logical-expression ;
Whenxx
Operation code. When True, Then Select.
Usage: Obsolete. Use When.
Write
Operation code. Create New Record.
Usage:  WRITE(e) name data-structure ;

X

%Xfoot()
Function. Get Sum of Array Expression Elements.
Usage: %XFOOT(array-expression)
Xfoot
Operation code. Sum the Elements of an Array.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %xFOOT.
%Xlate()
Function. Translate.
Usage: %XLATE(from:to:string:start)
Xlate
Operation code. Translate.
Usage: Obsolete. Use %Xlate.
XML
Extensible Markup Language. Set of standards for encoding documents electronically, widely used to represent data structures.
%Xml()
Function. Specifies XML document name and parsing options. Used with XML-SAX and XML-INTO.
Usage: %XML(document:'option1=value1 option2=value2 ...')
Xml-Into
Operation code. Read data from XML document directly into a variable, or into an array parameter that is passed to a %HANDLER procedure.
Usage: XML-INTO(eh) receiver %XML(document:'option1=value1 option2=value2 ...');
Usage: XML-INTO(eh) %HANDLER(procedure:comm-area) %XML(document:'option1=value1 option2=value2 ...');
Xml-Sax
Operation code. Initiate SAX parse for an XML document.
Usage: XML-SAX(e) %HANDLER(procedure:comm-area) %XML(document:'option1=value1 option2=value2 ...');

Y

%Years()
Function. Convert to Number of Years.
Usage: %YEARS(numeric-expression)

Z

Z-add
Operation code. Zero and Add.
Usage: Obsolete. Use assignment expression.
Z-sub
Operation code. Zero and Subtract.
Usage: Obsolete. Use assignment expression.